Category Archives: Physics

Download E-books Questioning the Foundations of Physics: Which of Our Fundamental Assumptions Are Wrong? (The Frontiers Collection) PDF

By Zeeya Merali

The essays during this ebook examine means within which the fundaments of physics may wish to be replaced so one can make growth in the direction of a unified idea. they're in accordance with the prize-winning essays submitted to the FQXi essay festival “Which of Our easy actual Assumptions Are Wrong?”, which drew over 270 entries.

As Nobel Laureate physicist Philip W. Anderson learned, the main to figuring out nature’s truth isn't whatever “magical”, however the correct perspective, “the specialise in asking the suitable questions, the willingness to attempt (and to discard) unconventional solutions, the delicate ear for phoniness, self-deception, bombast, and traditional yet unproven assumptions.”

The authors of the eighteen prize-winning essays have, the place valuable, tailored their essays for the current quantity so that it will (a) comprise the neighborhood suggestions generated within the on-line dialogue of the essays, (b) upload new fabric that has come to gentle considering the fact that their of completion and (c) to make sure accessibility to a extensive viewers of readers with a uncomplicated grounding in physics.

The Foundational Questions Institute, FQXi, catalyzes, helps, and disseminates study on questions on the foundations of physics and cosmology, relatively new frontiers and leading edge principles indispensable to a deep figuring out of truth, yet not likely to be supported by means of traditional investment sources.

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Download E-books General Relativity (Springer Undergraduate Mathematics Series) PDF

By N.M.J. Woodhouse

Based on a direction taught for years at Oxford, this e-book deals a concise exposition of the significant rules of normal relativity. the focal point is at the chain of reasoning that ends up in the relativistic thought from the research of distance and time measurements within the presence of gravity, instead of at the underlying mathematical constitution. contains hyperlinks to contemporary advancements, together with theoretical paintings and observational proof, to inspire extra study.

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Download E-books Physics for Mathematicians, Mechanics I PDF

By Michael Spivak

From the Preface:

The function of this booklet, or very likely sequence of books, is indicated accurately through the name Physics for Mathematicians. it's only precious for me to give an explanation for what I suggest by way of a mathematician, and what I suggest by
physics.

By a mathematician I suggest a few one that has been educated in glossy arithmetic and been inculcated with its common outlook. ...

And through physics I suggest -- good, physics, what physicists suggest via physics, i.e., the particular research of actual gadgets ... (rather than the examine of symplectic constructions on cotangent bundles, for example). as well as offering the complicated physics, which mathematicians locate really easy, I additionally are looking to discover the workings of straightforward physics ... which i've got consistently came upon so difficult to fathom.

As those feedback most likely exhibit, primarily i've got written this paintings which will research the topic myself, in a kind that i locate understandable. And readers conversant in a few of my earlier books most likely observe that this has pretty well been the cause of these works additionally. ...
Perhaps this travelogue of an blameless in another country in a really various box also will become a e-book that mathematicians will like.

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Download E-books Introductory Nuclear Physics PDF

By Samuel S. M. Wong

A complete, unified therapy of present-day nuclear physics-the clean version of a vintage text/reference.

"A nice and carefully up to date textbook on nuclear physics . . . such a lot welcome." -Physics at the present time (on the 1st Edition).

What units Introductory Nuclear Physics except different books at the topic is its presentation of nuclear physics as an essential component of recent physics. putting the self-discipline inside of a huge old and clinical context, it makes vital connections to different fields equivalent to hassle-free particle physics and astrophysics.

Now absolutely revised and up to date, this moment variation explores the altering instructions in nuclear physics, emphasizing new advancements and present research-from superdeformation to quark-gluon plasma. writer Samuel S.M. Wong preserves these components that demonstrated the 1st variation as a customary textual content in college physics departments, targeting what's interesting in regards to the self-discipline and offering a concise, thorough, and obtainable remedy of the elemental points of nuclear properties.

during this new version, Professor Wong:
* features a bankruptcy on heavy-ion reactions-from high-spin states to quark-gluon plasma
* provides a brand new bankruptcy on nuclear astrophysics
* Relates saw nuclear houses to the underlying nuclear interplay and the symmetry rules governing subatomic particles
* Regroups fabric and appendices to make the textual content more uncomplicated to use
* Lists net hyperlinks to crucial databases and study projects
* positive aspects end-of-chapter routines utilizing real-world data.

Introductory Nuclear Physics, moment variation is a perfect textual content for classes in nuclear physics on the senior undergraduate or first-year graduate point. it's also a major source for scientists and engineers operating with nuclei, for astrophysicists and particle physicists, and for an individual wishing to benefit extra approximately tendencies within the box.

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Download E-books Foundations of Perturbative QCD (Cambridge Monographs on Particle Physics, Nuclear Physics and Cosmology) PDF

The main non-trivial of the tested microscopic theories of physics is QCD: the idea of the powerful interplay. A severe hyperlink among concept and scan is supplied by means of the equipment of perturbative QCD, significantly the well known factorization theorems. Giving a correct account of the recommendations, theorems and their justification, this publication is a scientific therapy of perturbative QCD. in addition to giving a mathematical remedy, the e-book relates the strategies to experimental info, giving robust motivations for the equipment. It additionally examines intimately transverse-momentum-dependent parton densities, an more and more vital topic no longer commonly handled in different books. excellent for graduate scholars beginning their paintings in high-energy physics, it is going to additionally curiosity skilled researchers in need of a transparent account of the topic.

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Download E-books An Introduction to Relativity PDF

Common relativity is now a necessary a part of undergraduate and graduate classes in physics, astrophysics and utilized arithmetic. this easy, easy creation to relativity is perfect for a primary path within the topic. starting with a accomplished yet easy overview of precise relativity, the booklet creates a framework from which to release the tips of common relativity. After describing the fundamental thought, it strikes directly to describe vital purposes to astrophysics, black gap physics, and cosmology. a number of labored examples, and various figures and pictures, aid scholars have fun with the underlying options. There also are a hundred and eighty routines which try and strengthen scholars' figuring out of the topic. The textbook provides all of the helpful info and dialogue for an user-friendly method of relativity. Password-protected options to the routines can be found to teachers at www.cambridge.org/9780521735612.

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Download E-books Physics of the Future: How Science Will Shape Human Destiny and Our Daily Lives by the Year 2100 PDF

By Michio Kaku

Space elevators. Internet-enabled touch lenses. automobiles that fly via floating on magnetic fields. this can be the stuff of technology fiction—it’s additionally lifestyle within the yr 2100.

Renowned theoretical physicist Michio Kaku info the advancements in laptop expertise, man made intelligence, drugs, house commute, and extra, which are poised to take place over the following hundred years. He additionally considers how those innovations will have an effect on the area economic system, addressing the foremost questions: Who could have jobs? Which international locations will prosper? Kaku interviews 300 of the world’s most sensible scientists—working of their labs on astounding prototypes. He additionally takes into consideration the rigorous clinical rules that keep watch over how speedy, how thoroughly, and the way a long way applied sciences can develop. In Physics of the longer term, Kaku forecasts a century of earthshaking advances in know-how which can make even the final centuries’ leaps and boundaries look insignificant.

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Download E-books Exploring Quantum Physics through Hands-on Projects PDF

By David Prutchi, Shanni Prutchi

Build an intuitive knowing of the rules in the back of quantum mechanics via sensible building and replication of unique experiments

With easy-to-acquire, inexpensive fabrics and uncomplicated wisdom of algebra and trigonometry, Exploring Quantum Physics via Hands-on Projects takes readers step-by-step in the course of the means of re-creating clinical experiments that performed an important function within the construction and improvement of quantum mechanics.

Presented in close to chronological order—from discoveries of the early 20th century to new fabric on entanglement—this ebook contains query- and experiment-filled chapters on:

  • Light as a Wave
  • Light as Particles
  • Atoms and Radioactivity
  • The precept of Quantum Physics
  • Wave/Particle Duality
  • The Uncertainty Principle
  • Schrödinger (and his Zombie Cat)
  • Entanglement

From uncomplicated measurements of Planck's consistent to checking out violations of Bell's inequalities utilizing entangled photons, Exploring Quantum Physics via Hands-on Projects not just immerses readers within the strategy of quantum mechanics, it offers perception into the historical past of the field—how the theories and discoveries practice to our global not just at the present time, but in addition tomorrow.

By immersing readers in groundbreaking experiments that may be played at domestic, college, or within the lab, this first-ever, hands-on publication effectively demystifies the area of quantum physics for all who search to discover it—from technological know-how lovers and undergrad physics scholars to working towards physicists and engineers.

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Download E-books The Trouble With Physics: The Rise of String Theory, the Fall of a Science, and What Comes Next PDF

By Lee Smolin

During this groundbreaking e-book, the well known theoretical physicist Lee Smolin argues that physics — the root for all different sciences — has misplaced its means. For greater than centuries, our figuring out of the legislation of nature extended quickly. yet at the present time, regardless of our greatest efforts, we all know not anything extra approximately those legislation than we knew within the Nineteen Seventies. Why is physics unexpectedly in difficulty? And what will we do approximately it?

One of the foremost difficulties, in line with Smolin, is string conception: an formidable try to formulate a “theory of everything” that explains all of the debris and forces of nature and the way the universe got here to be. With its unique new debris and parallel universes, string conception has captured the public’s mind's eye and seduced many physicists.

But as Smolin unearths, there’s a deep flaw within the thought: no a part of it's been demonstrated, and nobody understands how you can try it. actually, the speculation appears to be like to come back in an enormous variety of models, that means that no test will ever be capable of end up it fake. As a systematic idea, it fails. and since it has soaked up the lion’s proportion of investment, attracted the very best minds, and successfully penalized younger physicists for pursuing different avenues, it truly is dragging the remainder of physics down with it.

With readability, ardour, and authority, Smolin charts the increase and fall of string thought and takes a desirable examine what is going to substitute it. a bunch of younger theorists has began to strengthen interesting principles that, not like string concept, are testable. Smolin not just tells us who and what to monitor for within the coming years, he deals novel ideas for looking for and nurturing the simplest new talent—giving us an opportunity, in the end, of discovering the subsequent Einstein.

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Download E-books Encyclopedia of Snow, Ice and Glaciers (Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series) PDF

The earth’s cryosphere, together with snow, glaciers, ice caps, ice sheets, ice cabinets, sea ice, river and lake ice, and permafrost, comprises approximately seventy five% of the earth’s clean water. It exists at just about all latitudes, from the tropics to the poles, and performs an important position in controlling the worldwide weather process. It additionally offers direct obvious proof of the influence of weather switch, and, accordingly, calls for right figuring out of its complicated dynamics.

This encyclopedia generally makes a speciality of many of the features of snow, ice and glaciers, but in addition covers different cryospheric branches, and provides up-to-date details and simple innovations on suitable themes. It comprises alphabetically prepared and professionally written, complete and authoritative educational articles through recognized overseas specialists in person fields. The encyclopedia encompasses a vast spectrum of issues, starting from the atmospheric approaches accountable for snow formation; transformation of snow to ice and alterations of their houses; type of ice and glaciers and their around the world distribution; glaciation and ice a while; glacier dynamics; glacier floor and subsurface features; geomorphic procedures and panorama formation; hydrology and sedimentary structures; permafrost degradation; risks as a result of cryospheric alterations; and traits of glacier retreat at the international scale in addition to the effect of weather change.

This booklet can function a resource of reference on the undergraduate and graduate point and aid to raised comprehend snow, ice and glaciers. it is going to even be an fundamental instrument containing really good literature for geologists, geographers, climatologists, hydrologists, and water assets engineers; in addition to should you are engaged within the perform of agricultural and civil engineering, earth sciences, environmental sciences and engineering, atmosphere administration, and different proper subjects.

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